全国中药资源普查技术规范制定
投稿时间:2013-03-07    责任编辑:  点此下载全文
引用本文:郭兰萍,陆建伟,张小波,赵润怀,张本刚,孙丽英,黄璐琦.全国中药资源普查技术规范制定[J].中国中药杂志,2013,38(7):937.
DOI:10.4268/cjcmm20130701
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作者中文名作者英文名单位中文名单位英文名E-Mail
郭兰萍 GUO Lan-ping 中国中医科学院 中药资源中心, 北京 100700 National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China  
陆建伟 LU Jian-wei 国家中医药管理局, 北京 100027 State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100027, China  
张小波 ZHANG Xiao-bo 中国中医科学院 中药资源中心, 北京 100700 National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China  
赵润怀 ZHAO Run-huai 中国药材公司, 北京 100055 China National Corp. of Traditional & Herbal Medicine, Beijing 100055, China  
张本刚 ZHANG Ben-gang 中国医学科学院 北京协和医学院 药用植物研究所, 北京 100193 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Beijing 100193, China  
孙丽英 SUN Li-ying 国家中医药管理局, 北京 100027 State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100027, China  
黄璐琦 HUANG Lu-qi 中国中医科学院 中药资源中心, 北京 100700 National Resource Center for Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China huangluqi@263.net 
基金项目:国家公益性行业科研专项(201207002);中医药部门公共卫生专项(材社[2011]-76);中医药全国性专款(ZZYZK2012科技司A002)
中文摘要:文章根据第四次全国中药资源普查技术规范设计的过程,在明确普查目的和目标的基础上,按工作流程对普查任务进行了分解,指出各地中药资源组织管理、立地环境及中药资源分布、经济实力、技术水平、人员积极性及能动性等区域差异是本次普查技术规范设计中最大的难点,提出了中药资源普查技术方案制定中强制性和灵活性相结合野外调查和市场调查相结合,计算机辅助和专家经验相结合的"三结合原则"。文章在较详细分析了影响普查质量的关键环节技术方案设计的基础上,提出了第四次全国中药资源普查的技术规范框架,包括3个组织管理规范,11个技术规范,合计14个规范。认为这些规范的下发使用,不但为本次全国中药资源普查提供了行动规范,也将对我国中药资源调查和普查技术的推广、应用起到深远的影响。
中文关键词:中药资源  普查  技术规范  数据库  样方
 
Formulation of technical specification for national survey of Chinese materia medica resources
Abstract:According to the process of the technical specification (TS) design for the fourth national survey of the Chinese materia medica resources (CMMR), we analyzed the assignment and objectives of the national survey and pointed out that the differences about CMMR management around China, the distribution of CMMR and their habitat, the economic and technological level, and even enthusiasm and initiative of the staff, etc. are the most difficult points for TS design. And we adopt the principle of combination of the mandatory and flexibility in TS design. We fixed the key points which would affect the quality of national survey first, then proposed the framework of TS which including 3 parts of organization and 11 parts of technique itself. The framework will serve and lead the TS preparation, which will not only provide an action standard to the national survey but will also have a profound influence to the popularization and application of the survey technology of CMMR.
keywords:Chinese materia medica resources (CMMR)  general survey  technical specification  database  quadrat
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